A termite inspection is a visual inspection of the readily accessible areas of a home for evidence of wood-destroying insects and wood-destroying organisms. The inspector will visually inspect the entire interior of a home which includes accessing and entering any sub-space such as basements and crawlspaces and exterior of the property. The termite inspection is actually an inspection for wood-destroying insects and organisms and the inspector is also looking for ants, bugs and fungus. Sometimes, in areas where Drywood termites are prevalent or in houses where there are no sub-areas, the attic may also be accessed and inspected. Inspectors routinely look in the attic area for Drywood termite pellets or fecal matter, which are oblong, vary in color from light gray to very dark brown, and are only 2 to 3 millimeters long. Termites generally accumulate on surfaces or in spider webs near the eaves area of the attic
The average termite or pest inspection takes approximately 30 to 45 minutes for a thorough inspection, depending on the conditions and size, for e.g. clutter; storage of personal items, and many other things of the home and property.
On inspecting exterior, one can examine areas outside of the home such as windowsills and wood surfaces. Look for termite mud tubes on walls, doors and structures and wood that sounds hollow when tapped can be evidence of burrowing insects. Piles of sawdust can mean there is a dry wood termite presence and a temporary swarm of winged insects, observed from the soil around the house perimeter, can indicate insect activity. Excess moisture attracts insects so its better to fix leaky hoses and remove any wood that touches both your home and the soil surrounding it.
On inspecting interior, search from basement to attic; also look for sawdust or perhaps remnants of insect wings. Sagging floors and ceilings can indicate some form of structural damage, as wooden structures can collapse or buckle due to insect erosion. Walls and infected ceilings may look water damaged so use a screwdriver to probe into wood to see if it is soft or easily penetrated. Termite droppings are called frass and can be white or black in color, depending on what they have eaten
It may be advisable to ask a pest control professional to examine your home for termite activity so they will quickly determine any problems, and offer advice for best approaches for eradication. If there is evidence of a termite infestation and no evidence of a termite treatment having been done, the inspector must report that the infestation is active, which means there is urgent need of treatment, even though no live insects were discovered.
There are several methods available to treat these termites like the chemical treatment, which is the most common treatment type available for Subterranean termites. This is conducted by placing termiticide in the soil on both sides of all foundation elements to provide a barrier preventing termites from entering the structure. Technicians trench the soil and inject termiticide beneath it at every 16-inch intervals.